Once the statistics code of goods is known, the country of origin will also need to be determined, in order to ultimately decide on the applicable customs duties. This is not the country from where the goods where sent, but the country where the goods were manufactured.

This is because the EU, through international treaties, has entered into deviating agreements with a number of trade partners. Partly to facilitate trade with neighbouring countries outside the EU (including Turkey), but in many cases also to stimulate the trade with the relevant country of origin. In fact, there are numerous motivations. However, sometimes there are trade boycotts in place with countries (e.g. Myanmar), or trade is restricted (e.g. China).

In order to determine the origin when importing, ATR (Turkey) and Form A (other) certificates of origin, drawn up by the local authorities, are accepted. A Certificate of Origin serves more as a trade document and is not accepted by customs as valid proof of origin. Therefore, prior to concluding the trade transaction, properly inform yourself of the ultimate level of the import duties and possible anti-dumping levy. In addition, make sure you receive the correct certificates from your supplier.

When exporting, drawing up a EUR1 document can serve as proof of European origin. Our staff can prepare this document for you. Your receiving party outside Europe will in many cases pay a reduced level of import duties, or sometimes none at all. Sometimes a declaration of origin on the commercial invoice can be sufficient. Please feel free to contact our staff.


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